Sunday, December 23, 2012

United Aid for Azerbaijan - social campaign

UAFA has produced a wonderful video to promote disability awareness in Azerbaijan. The video has subtitles in Azerbaijani. See if you can follow it.

I have written out the text below and follow it with my translation. I hope I've got everything correct. Let me know if there are errors please!

Monday, December 10, 2012

News article

News about the oil industry is not very interesting, but this article is a good translation and reading exercise since it has many examples of possessive case. From BBC Azeri.

Rövnəq Abdullayev: BP-SOCAR əməkdaşlığı davam edir

Rovneq Abdullayev: BP-Socar collaboration continues

Azərbaycan Dövlət Neft Şirkətinin Prezidenti Rövnəq Abdullayev cümə axşamı Britaniya Parlamentinin Lordlar Palatasında şirkətin enerji strategiyası və dünya enerjisinin vəziyyəti barədə çıxış edib.
The Azerbaijan National Oil Company's president, Rovneq Adbullayev, spoke to the British House of Lords on Thursday about the company's energy strategy and the situation of energy in the world.

Sunday, December 9, 2012

BBC videos - English and Azerbaijani

I noticed a translation of an interesting video that I saw on BBC's English website. The subject is Uruguay's president, Jose Mujica, who is dubbed "the poorest president in the world" by international media.

Here is the English version: Uruquay's Jose Mujica - 'the world's poorest president'.

Here is the Azerbaijani version: Dünyanın ən "yoxsul" prezidenti.

Əmr forması - Imperative

I have long been unhappy with the way books present the imperative mood in Azerbaijani. With the help of my friend Tağı I have come to see that it should not be presented as it is in the texts that I have.

Let me explain...

This form, known as Felin əmr forması, Əmr forması, or Əmr cümləsi, is usually presented in one of two ways:

1. Commands to you singular and you plural as we have in English.
Gəl! = Come!
Getmə = Don't go.
İcazə verin = Please allow [me] [to pass by].

2. A complete set of imperative "commands" conjugated for all three persons, singular and plural.

Both are confusing for native English speakers in my opinion, because the imperative is really used in different ways in Azerbaijani. It can be a command, a request, a suggestion, or a question. Thus, it seems better (for those who hate grammar especially) to just think in terms of command/suggestion versus question. And let's face it - the translation for the question is often "Let me, let him, let us, let them". Number one, people just don't talk like this anymore. Number two, Let's go! is a command, not a question - it belongs in the first section given above. Number three, Let me get you... and Let them get you... are really subjunctive, not imperative. And most English speakers would simply say "He/they should get you some..."  Finally, the first person singular use of this in Azerbaijani seems to me to always be a question. So,...

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

Word Order in Azerbaijani

Another lovely post from our guest author Alef:

In general, the usual word order in Azerbaijani is Subject-Object-Verb. For example:

Mən azərbaycanca danışıram.

However, Azerbaijani word order is very flexible and you can manipulate it depending on what you want to emphasize and how formal or poetic you want your sentence to be. As sentences get longer and more complex, this flexibility of word order decreases but even then it is possible to change it. Let’s see how many ways of saying I study the Azerbaijani language there would be:

Mən Azərbaycan dilini öyrənirəm.
Öyrənirəm Azərbaycan dilini mən.
Mən öyrənirəm Azərbaycan dilini.
Öyrənirəm mən Azərbaycan dilini.
Azərbaycan dilini öyrənirəm mən.
Azərbaycan dilini mən öyrənirəm.

Sunday, December 2, 2012

A thematic dictionary for beginners

Thanks to Tağı for putting this together. It's trilingual - Azerbaijani, English, and French.

Buyurun. Here you go. Le voilà!

Saturday, December 1, 2012

Felləri - İndiki zamanda təsrif edin

Try to conjugate the following verbs in the present tense. Thanks to my new friend Tağı for sending me this list.

1. oxumaq
2. yazmaq
3. baxmaq
4. görmək
5. eşitmək
6. darıxmaq
7. idman etmək
8. rəqs etmək
9. yemək bişirmək
10. ağlamaq
11. silmək
12. süpürmək
13. geyinmək
14. soyunmaq
15. yatmaq
16. yuxudan oyanmaq
17. istirahət etmək
18. ümid etmək
19. inanmaq
20. aldatmaq